Getting Off to a Good Start: Improving Definitions Using Morphological Analysis
Sue Collins and Simon Purton
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NATO aspires to be the final arbitrating body in developing agreed definitions between its member nations. The reality is that many NATO definitions in use are what can be agreed upon between the disparate parties, rather than being rigorously derived. Frequently, they are ambiguous and vague and consequently they offer little to direct or inform analysis work. An ambiguous and vague definition can be better than nothing, but NATO should aspire to improve the manner in which definitions are derived, since they form the fundamental building-blocks on which conceptual and capability efforts are built.
Marshall Ramsey II’s research elucidates history, finding that the “gods and goddesses of old were mere humans in almost every instance. Cain’s bloodline survived and is traceable through “mythology.” Cain eventually became known as Hydros according to the Orphic hymns.”
define orphic – Google Search
of or concerning Orpheus or Orphism.
Online Etymology Dictionary
1670s, from Greek orphikos “pertaining to Orpheus,” master musician of Thrace, son of Eagrus and Calliope, husband of Eurydice, whose name (of unknown origin) was associated with mystic doctrines. Related: Orphism.
Orphic | Define Orphic at Dictionary.com
of or relating to Orpheus.
resembling the music attributed to Orpheus; entrancing.
pertaining to a religious or philosophical school maintaining a form ofthe cult of Dionysus, or Bacchus, ascribed to Orpheus as founder:
(often lowercase) mystic; oracular.
Orpheus – Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Roman mosaic depicting Orpheus, wearing a Phrygian cap and surrounded by the beasts charmed by the music of his lyre
Parents Oeagrus and Calliope
Siblings Apollo, the Muses, the Graces
Roman equivalent Eurydice
Orpheus (/ˈɔrfiəs, ˈɔrfjuːs/; Greek: Ὀρφεύς) was a legendary musician, poet, and prophet in ancient Greek religion and myth. The major stories about him are centered on his ability to charm all living things and even stones with his music, his attempt to retrieve his wife, Eurydice, from the underworld, and his death at the hands of those who could not hear his divine music. As an archetype of the inspired singer, Orpheus is one of the most significant figures in the reception of classical mythology in Western culture, portrayed or alluded to in countless forms of art and popular culture including poetry, film, opera, music, and painting.
For the Greeks, Orpheus was a founder and prophet of the so-called “Orphic” mysteries. He was credited with the composition of the Orphic Hymns, a collection of which survives. Shrines containing purported relics of Orpheus were regarded as oracles. Some ancient Greek sources note Orpheus’ Thracian origins.
Online Etymology Dictionary
before vowels hydr-, word-forming element meaning “water,” from Greek hydro-, comb. form of hydor “water” (see water (n.1)). Also sometimes a comb. form ofhydrogen.
Hydros – Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Hydros may refer to:
Hydros (mythology), one of the first principles in ancient Greek cosmogonies
HYDROS (Hydrosphere State), a planned satellite mission and predecessor of the Soil Moisture Active and Passive mission, providing measurements of soil-moisture and freeze thaw state
Hydros, a fictional ocean planet in The Face of the Waters by Robert Silverberg
Hydros (mythology) – Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Hydros (also Hydrus), in Greek mythology, is one of the first primordial gods to emerge forth along with Thesis. Hydros is also sometimes believed to be a child ofChaos and is believed to have emerged alongside the Gods of creation and mud at the creation of the universe.
The Two Babylons, 1853 – Alexander Hislop
Chapter II Section II Sub-Section V The Deification of the Child
The identity of Bacchus and Zoroaster is still further proved by the epithet Pyrisporus, bestowed on Bacchus in the Orphic Hymns. When the primeval promise of Eden began to be forgotten, the meaning of the name Zero-ashta was lost to all who knew only the exoteric doctrine of Paganism; and as “ashta” signified “fire” in Chaldee, as well as “the woman,” and the rites of Bacchus had much to do with fire-worship, “Zero-ashta” came to be rendered “the seed of fire”; and hence the epithet Pyrisporus, or Ignigena, “fire-born,” as applied to Bacchus. From this misunderstanding of the meaning of the name Zero-ashta, or rather from its wilful perversion by the priests, who wished to establish one doctrine for the initiated, and another for the profane vulgar, came the whole story about the unborn infant Bacchus having been rescued from the flames that consumed his mother Semele, when Jupiter came in his glory to visit her. (Note to OVID’S Metam.)
Reposted by permission of Marshall Ramsey II.
Friday, March 21, 2014
The Israelite Roots Of Odin According To Genealogy
FROM THE TRIBE OF JUDAH AND THE HOUSE OF ZARAH TO THE RAMSEY FAMILY OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA: A BRIEF HISTORY
By: Marshall Ramsey II
Adam, Seth, Enos, Cainan, Mahalaleel, Jared, Enoch, Methuselah, Lamech, Noah.(1) Shem, Arphaxad, Salah, Eber, Peleg (In his days the earth was broken up, and the continents were formed), Reu, Serug, Nahor, Terah, Abram (whom God renamed Abraham). Abraham begat Isaac, Isaac begat Jacob, and Jacob (whom God named Israel) begat Judas (Judah) and his brethren.
Judah begat Er, and Onan, and Shelah, and Zarah, also called Zerah, and Pharez his brother. Er and Onan displeased the LORD, and so he slew them leaving Shelah alone alive. It is this same Onan where we get the term ‘onanist’ from.
Tamar, the wife of Er and Onan, waited for Shelah to be grown where she would go into his house to be wife to him, so that Shelah might raise up seed to his brothers Er and Onan. Judah over time refused to give his consent to give Shelah his son to Tamar to be her husband and raise up seed to his brothers. Tamar then played the part of the harlot (whore) and deceived Judah into lying with her.
Judah, not knowing that it was his daughter-in-law that he had laid with, gave Tamar certain items as pledge of the price of laying with her: a kid of the goats. The pledge that he gave her was his signet, his bracelets, and his staff, whereby Tamar might have legal right to accuse him should Judah fail to pay. Judah went back to his flock, then sent his friend Hirah the Adullamite to return and pay the harlot (Tamar disguised) the promised price. Hirah not being able to find her, returned to Judah, told him of what transpired, and said, “Let her take it to her, lest we be shamed.”
After about three months, Tamar is found pregnant by an unknown person. The men of Tamar’s country, being at peace with Judah, told her that she had played the harlot and was pregnant. Judah, enraged that she had played the harlot, and not reserved herself for his son Shelah, sent for her and commanded that she should be burnt with fire. Tamar, having received the pledge from Judah’s hand, said, “By the man, whose these are, am I with child:” and she said, “Discern, I pray thee, whose are these, the signet, and bracelets, and staff.” Judah, recongnizing them to be his replies, “She hath been more righteous than I; because that I gave her not to Shelah my son.” From that point on, he lay with her no more.(3)
Six months later, Tamar has given birth to twin boys, Zarah and Pharez.
THE HOUSE OF ZARAH/ZERAH
Zerah had five sons: Zimri, Ethan, Heman, Calcol, and Dara.(4) Zimri is called Zabdi in Joshua 7.(5) According to Jewish sources, Josephus I think, Dara is also called Darda and Dardanus. Dardanus, in Greek mythology is called the son of Zeus and Electra, who was the daughter of Atlas.(6) Since we already know that Zerah/Zarah is the father of Dardanus, we can conclude that in this instance, Zeus is a reference to Zarah, the son of Judah. What is interesting to note is that the names Calcol and Darda/Dara also are mentioned as members of the Hyksos, foreign kings that ruled over the Egyptians shortly after the time that Jacob/Israel and his family entered Egypt to dwell there to escape the famine. This indicates that the descendants of Israel were the Hyksos.
At some point Dara/Darda took a trip north into the land of Arcadia, which is now a province in Greece, and founded the city of Dardania on Mount Ida in the Troad. (6) While there, he married a woman by the name of Chryse, daughter of Pallas, which was the son of Lycaon and founder of the town of Pallantion.(7) From this union he fathered two sons, Idaeus and Dymas.
He eventually made his way to Samothrace and from there went to the Troad near Abydos, Hellespont.(6) He was welcomed by the King of Troad, King Teucer, and eventually married his daughter, Princess Batea, (According to Dionysius, Chryse, Dara’s first wife had died), and was granted lands on Mt. Ida in Crete.(6)(8)
There Dardanus founded the city of Dardania which eventually became the capital of his kingdom. He later founded the city of Thymbra in honor of his friend, Thymbraeus, who was rumored to have been killed by him. He waged many wars against his neighbors, and was successful in them, especially against the Paphlagonians, and extended the boundaries of his kingdom considerably.(6)
With Princess, now Queen Batea, Dardanus had four children: Ilus, Erichthonius, Idaea, and Zacynthus. The island of Zacynthos, or Zante in Venetian, was named after Zacynthus.(9) Because of the ending of his name -nthos, this indicates Pelasgian origin, a term used to describe any “ancient, primitive and presumably indigenous people in the Greek world.”(10) What is interesting to note is that although the etymology of the term Pelasgian is in dispute, an ancient etymology based on phonetics has the word Pelasgos as Pelargos meaning stork. The stork is a well known symbol of ancient Egypt and indeed the Hebrews did dwell in Egypt for more than 200 years, during which time they were known as the Hyksos, meaning, ‘foreign rulers’ (some say ‘shepherd kings’).(10)
Idaea was named after her great-grandmother, Idaea which was the wife of one Scamander (not a river god; herself called a nymph) and the mother of King Teucer. She was the second wife of Phineus, king of Thrace and son of Agenor.
Ericthonius grew up and became a king (his brother Ilus died while young and without issue.)(11) Apparently, King Erichthonius was very wealthy, having horses numbering 3,000. He had a son, Tros or Troas,(6) by his wife Astyoche, daughter of Simoeis.
Tros/Troas was the first king of the Trojans.(12) It was this Tros/Troas that was the eponym (origin of a word) of the words Troad and Trojans.(6)(12)
Troas married one Acallaris (Callirrhoe), daughter of Scamander Eumedes, the father of Dolon and four other daughters. While there was some dispute as to whether Troas married Acallaris or Callirrhoe, if one compares the names, they are linguistically the same in almost every way.(13)(14)
Troas and Callirrhoe had three children: Ilus, Assaracus, and Ganymedes.(12) Ganymedes was taken as a boy by his 2x-great-grandfather Zarah to serve as his cupbearer.(15) As compensation to Tros, Zarah gave him a gift of horses. Assaracus became King of Dardania after his brother Ilus founded the city of Ilium and preferred to live there after the death of their father, Tros.(16) He had a son named Capys (father of Anchises by Themiste, king Laomedon’s sister, and daughter to his brother Ilus) although there is dispute about his mother’s identity, either by Hieromneme or Clytodora.(16)
His third son is named Ilus, founder of the city named Ilios, also called Ilium.(17) He is different from Ilus, the son of Dardanus/Darda ben Zarah, as this Ilus is the great-grandson of Darda(nus)/Dara. He was the son and heir of Tros, from whom the Trojan empire is named. It was this same Ilus who won the wrestling match and won a prize of 50 youths and maidens as a reward. His mother’s name was Eurydice Leucippe, daughter of Adrastus. He is the father of King Laomedon.
Now, Laomedon was king of Troy and had many wives, concubines, and especially children.(18) Of wives he had Placia, Strymo (or Rhoeo), and Leucippe. According to Homer’s Iliad, he had a concubine named Calybe (daughter of ) who bore him Bucolion(19), father of Aesepus and Pedasus by the “naiad” Abarbarea. His children are listed as follows (not necessarily by birth order): Tithonus, Priam/Priamus, Astyoche, Lampus, Hicetaon, Clytius, Cilla, Aethilla, Medesicaste, Clytodora, and Hesione.
Princess Hesione was the second wife of King Telamon of Salamis.(20) She supposedly staved off disaster for the city of Troy when she was offered as a sacrifice to some sea beast. Apparently, King Laomedon didn’t pay his bill to a couple of people named Apollo and Poseidon.
Princess Clytodora (21) became the wife of Assaracus (22), King of Dardania, her grandfather’s brother. Either she, or Hieromneme, gave birth to Capys, possible founder of the city of Capua in southern Italy. It was this Capys (23) which was the grandfather of Aeneas, progenitor of the Roman kings and caesars.
Princess Medesicaste of Troy was taken captive by the Greeks at the end of the Trojan war.(24) Together with her sisters, princesses Aethilla and Astyoche, she set fire to the ships of her Greek captors causing them to remain stranded and settle in either Italy or Thrace.
Princess Cilla’s genealogy is a bit of a mystery(25). Her father’s name, Laomedon, is certain, but apparently her mother’s identity is a bit of a mystery. She is either the daughter of Strymo (daughter of Scamander), Placia (daughter of Otreus), or Leucippe.
Prince Clytius (26) married Laothoe (parentage unknown) and became the father of Caletor (defender of the city of Troy and killed by Ajax), Proclea (married Cycnus, king of Colonae), and either Pronoe or Pronome (mother of Polydamas by Panthous).
Hicetaon was a prince of the Trojans and also served as an elder.(27) After Paris kidnapped Helen of Troy, Hicetaon suggested that she be returned to King Menelaus in order to avoid war, which tragically did not happen. His children were Melannippus, who died in the (Trojan) war; Critolaus, who married King Priam’s daughter, Aristomache, Thyomoetes (in the Aeneid), and possibly Antenor.
Not much is known about to this author about Prince Lampus (28) except that his son, Dolops, was killed by King Menelaus in the Trojan War when he attacked him from behind. Dolops had engaged Meges, son of Phyleus and suitor of Helen (of Troy), and would have killed him except for Meges’ strong corselet.
Princess Astyoche (29) was the daughter of Laomedon by Strymo, Placia or Leucippe, wife of Telephusand mother of Eurypylus (some call her daughter of Priam and wife of Eurypylus). She was bribed by Priam with a gold vine to persuade Eurypylus to go to the Trojan War, which resulted in him being killed in the battle (cf. the story of Eriphyle). Together with Aethilla and Medesicaste, she was taken captive after the sack of Troy and set fire to the Greek ships during their stay on the Italian coast.
Priam, called Podarces, was King of Troy (30) when the Trojan War took place. (30) Priam was originally called Podarces and he kept himself from being killed by Heracles by giving him a golden veil embroidered by his sister, Hesione. After this, Podarces changed his name to Priam. This is an etymology based onpriatos “ransomed”; the actual etymology of the name is probably not Greek, but perhaps Lydian orLuwian in origin. When Hector is killed by Achilles, the Greek warrior treats the body with disrespect and refuses to give it back. Zeus sends the god Hermes to escort King Priam, Hector’s father and the ruler of Troy, into the Greek camp. Priam tearfully pleads with Achilles to take pity on a father bereft of his son and return Hector’s body. He invokes the memory of Achilles’ own father, Peleus. Priam begs Achilles to pity him, saying “I have endured what no one on earth has ever done before — I put my lips to the hands of the man who killed my son.” Deeply moved, Achilles relents and returns Hector’s corpse to the Trojans. Both sides agree to a temporary truce, and Achilles gives Priam leave to hold a proper funeral for Hector, complete with funeral games. He promises that no Greek will engage in combat for 11 days, but on the 12th day of peace, the mighty war between the Greeks and the Trojans would resume.
Now to Tithonus/Tithonius. (31)
In Greek mythology, Tithonus or Tithonos (Ancient Greek: Τιθωνός) was the lover of Eos, titan of the dawn, who was known in Roman mythology as Aurora. Tithonus was a Trojan by birth, the son of KingLaomedon of Troy by a water nymph named Strymo (Στρυμώ). The mythology reflected by the fifth-century vase-painters of Athens envisaged Tithonus as a rhapsode, as the lyre in his hand, on anoinochoe of the Achilles Painter, ca. 470 BC–460 BCE (illustration) attests. Competitive singing, as in theContest of Homer and Hesiod, is also depicted vividly in the Homeric Hymn to Apollo and mentioned in the two Hymns to Aphrodite.
Eos kidnapped Ganymede and Tithonus, both from the royal house of Troy, to be her lovers. The mytheme of the goddess’s mortal lover is an archaic one; when a role for Zeus was inserted, a bitter new twist appeared: according to the Homeric Hymn to Aphrodite, when Eos asked Zeus to make Tithonus immortal, she forgot to ask for eternal youth (218-38). Tithonus indeed lived forever
“but when loathsome old age pressed full upon him, and he could not move nor lift his limbs, this seemed to her in her heart the best counsel: she laid him in a room and put to the shining doors. There he babbles endlessly, and no more has strength at all, such as once he had in his supple limbs.” (Homeric Hymn to Aphrodite)In later tellings he eventually turned into a cicada, eternally living, but begging for death to overcome him. In the Olympian system, the “queenly” and “golden-throned” Eos can no longer grant immortality to her lover as Selene had done, but must ask it of Zeus, as a boon.
Eos bore Tithonus two sons, Memnon and Emathion. In the Epic Cycle that revolved around the Trojan War, Tithonus, who has travelled east from Troy into Assyria and founded Susa, is bribed to send his son Memnon to fight at Troy with a golden grapevine. Memnon was called “King of the East” by Hesiod, but he was killed on the plain of Troy by Achilles. Aeschylus says in passing that Tithonus also had a mortal wife, named Cissia (otherwise unknown).
Now for the really controversial stuff. Tithonus and Eos had two sons, Emathion and Memnon, also called Munon. Emathion is said to have been killed by Heracles, while Memnon became a king in Ethiopia.(32) As a warrior, King Memnon was considered to have skills just under that of Achilles. Memnon came to the defense of the city of Troy in the Trojan war, bringing an army with him. Unfortunately, he died in battle, Achilles having slain him.
The night before he dies, Memnon arrives at Troy just after an argument between King Priam, Helen, and Polydamas on whether or not he will show up in the first place. Apparently, it seems, his reliability was quesitonable.
His arrival starts a banquet in his honor. Memnon and Priam exchange war stories, perhaps tlaking over strategies, famous persons killed, and perhaps times they almost got killed themselves. King Priam apparently gets too boastful of King Memnon and his armies because Memnon gently puts forth the idea that his strength would soon be seen on the battlefield, this in an attempt not to give in to pride, which is, perhaps, the most deadly enemy.
King Memnon dies in battle the next day, being stabbed through the heart by Achilles, who himself appears to be a descendant of Zarah.
The ancient city of Susa is called the “city of Memnon.” Memnon married Troana, the daughter of King Priam and had a son with her called Tror, whom we now call Thor. It is this Thor who is the ancestor, not the descendant of Odin, also called Allfather.
Due to the enormity of information available about Thor and the complexity contained therein (multiple Thor’s are mentioned), I will skip over him and mention briefly that he was an ancestor of the legendary Odin and not a descendant. (33)
Next on the list is Thor’s son Hloritha, or Loridi(33). Not much is known about him, except for the meaning of his name. Hloritha/Loridi means “loud rider.(34)” This appears to mean that when he rode into battle he used shouts to startle his enemies.
Loridi also had a son, whose name was Einridi (33). His name means “he who rides alone.(35)” This may mean that Loridi often went into combat against his enemies without the help of neighboring kingdoms.
Next is his son Vingethor (33). Hunting down the meaning of his name is difficult, so I will tell you what I can by looking at the meaning of the individual runes used in his name (36). (The Egyptians, Hebrews, Greeks, and others use this form of writing so they can preserve the meaning and characteristics of the subject so named. Cuneiform, Linears A and B, hieroglyphics are among the first forms of writing to use this.)
The first is ‘Uruz’, which represents, ‘strength, speed, and good health.’ This suggests that he was not a couch potato, that he was active and healthy.
The second is ‘Isa,’ which means ice. This may refer to the location in which he was born. Given that Thor came from the region of ancient Thrace (partly surviving as modern-day Turkey) it could be that Vingethor was born in an icy area, possibly on the west side of Lake Van, a shortened version of the word Vanir.
The third is ‘Ingwaz.’ This symbol refers either to the hero Ing or to the Danes named after the ancient Israelite tribe of Dan. As Vingethor’s paternal ancestry is of the tribe of Judah (Dan’s brother), it can reasonably be concluded that Vingethor’s mother was a blood descendant of the tribe of Dan, her father being of direct male ancestry.
The fourth symbol is ‘Ehwaz,’ which means horse. This could mean that Vingethor’s family was wealthy, owning much land, enough that horses could run free on it.
The fifth symbol is ‘Thurisaz.’ This symbol is connected with the giants of Norse pseudo-mythology. A possible meaning for this symbol is that when he was born, he was a fat baby. It could also mean that is what is parents wished for him to be, tall, and muscular.
The sixth symbol is ‘Othila.’ This symbol means ‘inheritance; the passing on of property or knowledge.’ It may be that Vingethor received the knowledge of his ancestry as an inheritance, that he was of the house of Jacob, that is, he was a seed of Israel. Apparently, Vingethor was hungry about where his ancestry was from, and from what people he was descended, and his father, Einridi, told him that he was descended from Jacob, the son of Isaac, which was the son of Abraham. It would be about the time of Saul that this took place.
The seventh, and final symbol is ‘Raido.’ Raido signifies a long journey. This seems to indicate that Einridi wanted Vingethor to visit his kindred in Israel.
Vingethor had a son named Vingener. Vingener appears to have been a lot like his father if one judges a person by reason of his name. The first four symbols in his father’s name apply to Vingener himself. However, it appears that his father was moved upon by God to give him the suffix -ner, which in Hebrew means ‘light.’ Vingener seems to have followed in the footsteps of David, proclaiming Messiah to his fellows. What looks as though it happened was Vingener went to Israel, heard the preaching of the Messiah, about man’s need for repentance, and that he cannot save himself. Vingener took what he had heard, along with a copy of the scriptures back to Thrace and spread the message of Messiah to his countrymen.
Vingener’s last three letters in his name are ‘Nauthiz’ (necessity), ‘Ehwaz’ (horse), and ‘Raido’ (long journey.)(36)
Moda (Vingenersson) comes next. His runes are ‘Mannaz,’ ‘Othila,’ ‘Dagaz,’ and ‘Ansuz.'(36) Going by these runes, Moda appears to have been a historian, and one who feared Jehovah (Yahweh in Hebrew.) Mannaz means ‘man’ or ‘mankind.’ Othila means ‘Inheritance’ or ‘passing on of property or knowledge.’ Dagaz means ‘Day’ or ‘Daylight.’ “Ansuz refers to any deity, but most often associated with Odin.”
Moda saw it as his duty to pass on to his children, and indeed to all mankind, the light of God’s word. It is to be understood that Moda did not regard Odin as a god, especially since Odin did not exist at that time, but was born some generations later.
Moda had a son named Magi. He continued in the footsteps of his father, in that he proclaimed the coming of Messiah and his being slain for the sins of the world. ‘Mannaz,’ ‘Ansuz,’ ‘Gebo,’ ‘Isa’ are Magi’s symbols(36). Magi’s name means, “the God (Ansuz) who became a man (Mannaz); made himself a sacrifice (Gebo); his name was Jesus (Isa; similar to Muslim word Issa, meaning Jesus of Nazareth.)”
The LORD chose Magi to bear in his name the message of the scriptures, that mankind was dead in its sins without God, and that God would lay down his life for us, fulfilling the need of an offering for our sin, to reconcile us back to God. It is amazing how one name can contain so much information, and so powerful.
Magi’s son’s name was Sceaf/Sceafa. Sceaf was born about 550/540 BC(a) (which means, ‘before Christ. ) Sceaf’s characters are “Sowilo, ‘Kenaz,’ ‘Ehwaz,’ ‘Ansuz,’ ‘Fehu.’ Sceaf appears not to have followed after the LORD as his predecessors did. Sowilo represents the sun, “an important symbol in pagan worship. Notice how Sowilo looks like a jagged lightning strike. This is called the satanic thunderbolt in Christian terminology. This is, in part, due to something the Lord Jesus said: “I beheld Satan as lightning fall from heaven.”(37)
The second symbol in Sceaf’s name was Kenaz. It represented a torch or some other source of light. This is another indicator that Sceaf had ceased from following the LORD. Instead of continuing the missionary work his fathers had done, he went about saying that the God of the Bible was not the source of light to the world. This appears to mark the beginning of Sol worship.(38)
There appears to be a connection with Egypt due to the similarity between the Norse sun boat and the Egyptian solar barque. It is possible that Sceaf had travelled to Egypt and become fascinated with sun worship and so decided to change his religion.
What is of great note is the similarity between the drawings of Norse sun boats and the drawing found at the Hill of Tara in Ireland, the resting place of Tamar bat Zedekiah, also called Tea Tephi. It was at this time, the time of the fall of the house of Judah, that God sent the prophet Jeremiah into Egypt with Tamar to transfer the throne of the house of Judah to the house of Israel, “For thus saith the LORD; David shall never want a man to sit upon the throne of the house of Israel;”(39)
It is my assertion that Sceaf, a descendant of Judah, was in Egypt at the time that Jeremiah and Tamar were in Egypt, and that they bought passage on his ship to take them into, or at least toward Ireland, where the graves of both Tamar and Jeremiah (mythicized as Iarbinel in Irish mythology) lie. Back to the character profile of Sceaf.
The third character in Sceaf’s name is Ehwaz. Ehwaz means horse. The fourth character is Ansuz (meaning deity), and the fifth character is Fehu (meaning gold, cattle, or wealth in general). Occasionally Sceaf is spelled with an extra Ansuz at the end, making his name Sceafa. Given this information, it appears that Sceaf not only turned to sun worship, but also animal worship.
According to pseudo-legend, Sceafa was found “coming out of the sea.”(40.) According to Aethelweard in his Chronica: “This Scef came in a light boat to an island of the ocean which is called Scani, arms around about him, and he was a very young boy, unknown to the dwellers in the land. But he was accepted by them and cared for like one of their own kind, and afterwards they chose him as king, from whose family descended King Æthelwulf.”(40)
William of Malmesbury had this to say concerning Sceaf: “Sceaf; who, as some affirm, was driven on a certain island in Germany, called Scandza, (of which Jornandes, the historian of the Goths, speaks), a little boy in a skiff, without any attendant, asleep, with a handful of corn at his head, whence he was called Sceaf; and, on account of his singular appearance, being well received by the men of that country, and carefully educated, in his riper age he reigned in a town which was called Slaswic, but at present Haithebi; which country, called old Anglia, whence the Angles came into Britain, is situated between the Saxons and the Goths.”(40) Given this information, Sceaf appears washed ashore on the island presently known as Aero, property of Denmark.
The word Sceaf is also pronounced Sheaf, as in a sheaf of barley. A sheaf of barley was used in the wave offering during the Hebrew Passover, which commemorated God’s deliverance of the Israelites from Pharaoh in Egypt.
Sheaf in Hebrew is ‘tenufah.’ Tenufah is translated as both sheaf and omer in English translations of the scriptures. It is formed from the Hebrew verb ‘nuf,’ meaning ‘to wave.’ Interestingly, it is a sheaf of barley corn that is used in the wave offering during Passover.
I find it funny how God can hide things in plain sight and people not see anything until God chooses to reveal it. If one takes the Hebrew word for stammering lips, laeg, and reverses it, you get geal, or Gael, as in the Gaelic language. It is funny to see that a person named Sceaf (pronounced Sheaf) was set into the ocean as a small child, to be driven by the waves.
This next bit of information is even more fascinating. If one takes the same approach, that is, God has hidden something in plain sight, and apply it to tenufah, you get teah, or Teah, as in Teah Tephi, also called Tamar, daughter of Mattaniah/Zedekiah, the last king to rule over the kingdom of Judah before being taken prisoner into Babylon by Nebuchadnezzar. It is this same Tamar that accompanied Jeremiah the prophet into Ireland from Egypt.
According to newly discovered information, I can firmly say that Tamar, daughter of Zedekiah, king of Judah did not go into Ireland and previously stated, nor did she marry an Irish king, nor yet any Irishman, but she in fact married Sceaf, son of Magi. What appears to have happened is that the true account of Tamar and Jeremiah’s journey was corrupted by the Roman Catholic church as it was under their rule that many of the histories of the native lands where the “gospel of Jesus Christ” was spread. This they did in order to hide the truth of the ancestry of where these peoples came from.
In one of the legends, it tells of an old man, Ollam Fodhla, coming into Ireland with an Egyptian princess. This Egyptian princess, Tamar (who actually did spend time in Egypt and possibly adopted by Pharaoh Hophra/Apries) was given to Eochaidh Buadach mac Duach, also called Eochaidh II to be his wife. Unfortunately for the Irish, time travel wasn’t around, because this Eochaidh was born in about 755 BC (42), about 200 years before Tamar was even born!
It gets worse, the Ollam Fodhla/Fotla that supposedly accompanied Tamar into Ireland was born later than that, 150 years earlier at a minimum!(43) Jeremiah was an old man at the time Judea was conquered, but there is no way he could have been born in 927 BC. God simply was not in the business of letting us live that long any more. (44)
One of the biggest “mistakes,” or as I like to call them, “intentional bludgeoning/mangling of world history,” come from an old Irish verse found here. It details the story of one Tea, daughter of Lughaidh.
Here is the problem with this. Lughaidh (God’s house), whom I believe to be a variation of the name Lugh, refers to an Irish deity and ‘High King’ of Ireland.(45) Although the names Lug and Jehovah/Yahweh both refer to deity, in Hebrew, “God’s house” would be Beit-El, or Bethel, with Beth meaning ‘house’ and ‘El’ meaning God. So it is utterly impossible that Tea Tephi and Ollam Fodhla are Tamar and Jeremiah. The whole story about Jeremiah and Tamar going into Ireland is a fake, one that, up until March 28, 2013, I believed.
Furthermore, the Ollam Fodhla, or learned prophet seems to be a misdirection on the word Magi, Sceaf’s father. The word ‘magi,’ (magos in Greek) is where we get the word ‘magician’ from, apparently falsely noting a follower of the Zoroastrian religion. (46) The terminology appears to have been placed on Jeremiah, combined with the gospel of Matthew’s “wise men from the east,(46)” and from there the lie settled.
It is now my assertion that Tamar and Jeremiah never went to Ireland as is popularly supposed, but rather she went into old Anglia, married Sceaf, and died there, her grave not yet known at this time. It also shows forth the wisdom and knowledge of God in that, while the legend of Tamar being Tea Tephi is fake, he used even this combined with Sceaf’s name in Hebrew to point us in the right direction. Blessed be his name.
(For more information on the significance of Tamar being in Tahpanhes, please go to http://www.friendsofsabbath.org/Further_Research/British-Israel/Tamar%20Tephi%20or%20The%20Maid%20of%20Destiny/tea5.htm.)
(side note: the bulk of the information I am typing right now on Sceaf/Sheaf, and his connection to the Jews and Passover, happens to be occurring during the middle of Passover in the year 2013! Truly the hand of the LORD is at work!)
Now for Bedwig, Sceaf and Tamar’s son. Bedwig was born about 477 BC.(a) Interesting events happening about this time were:
Amtalqa succeeds his brother, Aspelta, as King of Kush (480 BC)
Former Pharaoh Hophra (Apries) invades Egypt with Babylonian help, but is
defeated by Pharaoh Amasis II (Ahmose II) (479 BC)
First Pananthenaic Games are held in Athens, Greece (478 BC)
Amel-Marduk succeeds Nebuchadnezzar II as king of Babylon (474 BC)
Croesus becomes king of Lydia (472/471 BC)
The Greek ‘fable-teller’ Aesop dies (476 BC)
Siddharrtha Gautama, also called Gautama Buddha, is born in Lumbini,
Nepal (April, 475 BC)
The symbols belonging to Bedwig’s name are ‘Berkano,’ ‘Ehwaz,’ ‘Dagaz,’ ‘Wunjo,’ ‘Isa,’ and ‘Gebo.’ Berkano is associated with the birch tree, with Idun (Norse goddess of spring,) and with fertility. This describes Bedwig perfectly, as God said in Jeremiah 33, “For thus saith the LORD; David shall never want a man to sit upon the throne of the house of Israel;” (46)
Because of the character Berkano, I believe Bedwig to be the husband of Idunn, as Berkano is associated with Idunn. This would also make Bedwig Bragi of Norse mythology. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bragi
The second symbol, Ehwaz, means horse. As a symbol of loyalty and devotion; he believes completely in his rider.(47) Bedwig, at the teaching of his mother, Tamar, showed complete trust in the LORD and followed after him wholeheartedly.
The third symbol is Dagaz. Dagaz is the rune for day or daylight. This supports the previous assertion that Bedwig put his trust in the LORD his God as symbolized by the rune Ehwaz. It also means that Bedwig has passion for the LORD and became a missionary of sorts, spreading God’s word wherever he went.
The fourth symbol is called Wunjo. It can be translated as either comfort, joy, or glory. This describes how Sceaf felt about Tamar when he married her. It also suggests that he re-dedicated his life to God and taught his son to fear God.
The fifth symbol is Isa. When used in conjunction with Bedwig’s sixth symbol Gebo, it suggests that Bedwig suffered much when witnessing to men about Jehovah. The people of his land did not like being told that there was only one God, and that his was the only way. Even though Bedwig was a king, he still suffered persecution through revilings, shunnings, and other things. Throughout all this, Bedwig’s faith in God was steady, and he refused to compromise the integrity of God’s word, that there was only one way into heaven and that was through the Lord. He was taught about the Messiah, Jesus Christ (although the Lord’s name was not known to them at this time), from his birth how that he should become a man and die for our sins, and that the sacrifices offered to the heathen gods and goddesses were an abomination to the LORD.
Bedwig had a son called Athra, who is call Hathra and Annar(33) . He was born about 414 BC. Athra, I believe, is a variation of the name Ottar (Hathra, Athra, Attra, Ottra, Ottar). His name appears to have come from Proto-Indo-European origins and means “water creature.”(71) This indicates that Hathra may have loved being in the water, whether by boating or swimming.
Hathra founded the ancient city of Hatra in what is now called Iraq, about 80-110 km (65-80 mi) southwest of Mosul during the reign of the Medo-Persian empire.(72)(73) Hathra flourished as a trading center from the 3rd century BC until its destruction in 241 AD (anno domini – Year of our Lord) at the hands of the Sassanians under the command of Ardashir I. (73) Given that the meaning of the name Hatra in Persian is “perfumed,” it can be presumed with some degree of safety that Hathra engaged in the perfume business,
A number of different religions have found their place in Hatra over the years, because, according to some, of its importance as a trade center.(72) Over time, Hatra acquired the Aramaic name ‘Bet Elaha,’ or, ‘House of God.’ This suggests a strong Hebrew presence, perhaps members of the house of Judah that stayed in Persia after Cyrus I gave the commandment to rebuild the temple in Jerusalem.
Other religions took root there such as Mesopotamian (Nergal), Greek (Hermes), Aramean (Atargatis), and Arabian (Al-Lat and Shamiyah). It was the symbol of Atargatis (a female clitoris) that is the basis of the fish symbol used by Christians, falsely attributed to Christians of the 1st century AD. Other temples in Hatra were dedicated to Shahiru (?), Mithra (Zoroastrian)(b), Maran (a snake cult, possibly in connection to Shahiru, and suspected connections to Medusa of Greek ‘mythology’), Shiu, and Saqaya (unknown religious affiliation.) A de facto polytheistic religion developed over time, having unity in the diversity of the different religions, to the excluding of Abrahamic Judaism (a belief that Jehovah (Yahweh) was God and no other,) the start of which we see today.
Hatra eventually became part of the Seleucid empire, which over time was conquered by the Parthians, although it retained the ability to rule itself (autonomy) to a certain degree.(72)
At some point, Hathra fathered a son called Itermann(33), commonly spelled Itermon. His runic characters would be Isa, Tiwaz, Ehwaz, Raido, Mannaz, Ansuz, Nauthiz, Nauthiz. Iterman appears to have lived in a very cold climate, as designated by the rune Isa, which means ‘ice.’ The likely location for his birth would be on the southwest side of Lake Van, in eastern Turkey, between an old volcano and a now-dried up outlet for Lake Van. These places were mythicized into what are called Muspellheim, Niflheim, and Ginnungagap.
His second rune is Tiwaz. This suggests an association Tyr, the Norse god of war. Besides being called a god of war(f), Tyr was also known as a lawgiver. This does not, as one might think, mean that Itermann was a judge, as judges merely rule on matters of law and do not make them. Instead, what it refers to is Itermann’s heritage as a descendant of Judah, son of Israel: “The sceptre shall not depart from Judah, nor a lawgiver from between his feet, until Shiloh come; and unto him shall the gathering of the people be.” (g) So, from this we know that Itermann knew his genealogy, and knew that the cover of Zeus for Zarah was false.
This rune also suggests that Itermann was proficient in different types of weapons, perhaps even crafting his own, and carving his name in them.
The third rune, Ehwaz, means horse(33). This could mean that his family had horses, or that Itermann worked with or around horses. It could also be a symbol of his status as king.
The fourth rune is Raido. Raido signifies a long journey(33). This seems to imply that, like his ancestors before him, he made a pilgrimage to the land of Judea, called Palestine, after Israel’s ancient enemies.
Ansuz is the fifth rune. This rune, while suggestive of deity in general, and later applied to Odin(33) (albeit he was not a god), means that upon his birth Itermann was dedicated to Jehovah, called Yahweh in Hebrew. Itermann appears to have continued in the faith of his fathers.
The sixth and final rune, Mannaz, means man(33). When combined with Ansuz, it means “God who became a man.” This is a direct reference to the Messiah, Jesus Christ, and his coming birth as foretold in Genesis 3.(h)
Itermann lived in Jotunheim, which I believe to be north and west of present-day Azerbaijan (Asgard(c)), possibly northern or eastern Armenia, the resting place of Noah’s Ark. His kingdom, as inherited from his father (as is supposed), ranged at least from Hatra in northern Iraq to Yerevan in Armenia toward Lake Van in Turkey (ancient Thrace). Yerevan is also a possible location for Jerah, grandson of King Eber; it is a possible location regarding the extent of his kingdom, which would range his kingdom as far south as the Sea of Galilee in Israel.
Itermon was born around 351 BC. Events happening elsewhere in the world include(i):
1) Alcestis, written by the Greek playwrite Euripedes, was performed in Dionysia, an
Athenian dramatic festival (350? BC)
2) Mnesikles starts to build Propylaia, Acropolis, and Athens.(349 BC) Work was cancelled
due to the Peloponnesian war in 344 BC and never finished.
Itermann’s had a son named Heremod. Heremod was born in Jutland, the name of which had been given by his father, Itermon. Jutland is the real name of the land called Jotunnheim. It was founded by Itermann after leaving his first kingdom to Heremod.
Heremod was a powerful warrior(e) renowned for his prowess in battle. Heremod apparently was also a good king, although he didn’t manage his finances very well. Here is an excerpt from the story of Beowulf:
He had of all heroes the highest renown
among races of men, this refuge-of-warriors,
for deeds of daring that decked his name
since the hand and heart of Heremod
grew slack in battle. He, swiftly banished
to join with Jutes at mercy of foes,
to death was betrayed; for torrents of sorrow
had lamed him too long; a load of care
to earls and athelings all he proved.
Oft indeed, in earlier days,
for the warrior’s wayfaring wise men mourned,
who had hoped of him help from harm and bale,
and had thought their sovran’s son would thrive,
follow his father, his folk protect,
the hoard and the stronghold, heroes’ land,
home of Scyldings (Denmark).
As you can tell, Heremod eventually became non-committal in battle (the hand and heart of Heremod grew slack in battle.) The reason for this is not given, but having been exiled by his people, he sought refuge with the people of Jutland. This, unfortunately was a fatal mistake, as the people of Jutland killed him.
Heremod did survive, however, long enough to have a son by the name of Skjaldun/Skjold/Scyld.(74) It was this Skjold who was the brother of Yngvi, the father of Njordr, and grandfather of Freyr and Freyja. After Heremod conquered northern Europe, (he was later changed into Odin (who is actually a descendant of his) and Mannus, thus making Heremod’s father, Itermann, Tuisto,) Skjold/Skjaldun ruled over the land of Denmark.
Maps of languages of ancient Denmark reveal that Skjold’s brother Yngvi ruled the area now known as Denmark, suggesting perhaps a cultural exchange with the Ingvaones in which the Ingvaones took over the territory by moving south from Sweden into Denmark, with Skjold’s descendants gradually shifting eastward toward what is now Poland and the Czech Republic.(75)(76) This would make Skjoldr either the father of the Irminones/Herminones or the Istvaeones. Both of these peoples are attested to by the Roman historians Tacitus and Pliny the Elder.(77)(78)
Skjold’s name in Futhark would be Sowilo, Kenaz, Jera (indicating a descent from Jerah, son of Joktan, son of King Eber), Othila, Laguz, Dagaz(36). Sowilo indicates that Skjold worshipped the sun. However, with Kenaz, it indicates that the sun that was worshipped was not the sun in the sky, but another light. This light, this sun, is called the Sun of righteousness in the book of Malachi, chapter 4, verse 2: “But unto you that fear my name shall the Sun of righteousness arise with healing in his wings; and ye shall go forth, and grow up as calves of the stall.”(79; emphasis mine)
Jera indicates that harvest was inportant to him. Given the religious nature of Skjold’s first two characters, it is logical to assume that the harvest indicated here was a harvest of souls. This means that Skjold was active in preaching the Word of God, converting as many souls to the LORD as possible.
Othila means the passing on of property or knowledge, indicating an inheritance. While the land and kingship would have been important, it would be better to say that the inheritance that is spoken of would be faith in God Almighty. This is evidenced by the long history of Skjold’s family. It may have even included a copy of the scriptures, which would be prized by anyone with zeal for Jehovah.
Laguz is associated with water. Not only as a Viking father would this indicate sailing, it also indicates active ministerial work, meaning that Skjold used his sea voyages to spread the gospel of Messiah to whoever would listen. It also indicates that Skjold was in contact with many Gentile peoples (descendants of Japheth and Ham). This would be an indicator of how far the Viking reach was.
Dagaz, the last character, represents daylight. This appears to indicate that Skjold was successful in his endeavors as a witness to the peoples he came in contact with, a light to the Gentiles. It also reflects upon his character as being very God-like, that is, he possessed many qualities that Jehovah has.
Bjaf is Skjold’s son.(33) Bjaf’s characters are Berkano, Jera, Ansuz, and Fehu. Berkano symbolizes birth, growth, and fruitfulness. It is also a symbol of new growth and new beginnings.(80)(81)
Jera indicates completion of a time, a time of harvest where a person’s efforts in a certain task come to fruition. This is similar to the Lord Jesus’ statement, “They that sow in tears shall reap in joy. He that goeth forth and weepeth, bearing precious seed, shall doubtless come again with rejoicing, bringing his sheaves with him.”(82)
When combined with Berkano, Jera symbolizes the bearing of fruit at the appointed time. Although the efforts of the sower may seem for nought (having faced difficulties such as enemies sowing evil seed, and the destroying of green and budding crops, etc…), a bountiful harvest is about to be realized. The sower will know that he has not sown in vain. This is especially true in spreading the gospel of Jesus Christ.
Ofttimes a Christian, when he is drawing closer to God (doing his will), he will face rejection and harassment from not the unsaved, but the saved, not the stranger, but a man’s family, his friends. This may cause the witness to think that his or her efforts are in vain, that nothing is being accomplished; that he is not bearing fruit. This is not the case. There may be isolated incidents where this sort of thing happens, but what is happening is that the seeds that were planted are taking time to grow. This can be a long and frustrating process, but it is worth the wait, especially when souls are saved into the kingdom of God.
What appears to have happened with Bjaf is that he did extensive travels bringing the scriptures to people all over the world. He seems to have been very determined in his walk with God, distancing himself in faith above those around him. He was often misunderstood and ridiculed by family and friends and this lead to him being ostracized among his family. He was often thought of as a religious zealot that was too wrapped up in the word of God. The LORD JEHOVAH had other plans.
Bjaf’s next character is Ansuz. It is used in reference to any deity, but chiefly used in reference to Odin, the head Viking deity.(36) It is also used in reference to communication, whether in poetry, song, storytelling, etc…(80)(81) As it relates to the LORD, Bjaf composed many poems, songs, and other dedications to Jehovah.
The final character in Bjaf’s name is Fehu. Fehu stands for cattle or (in general) property.(80) It goes to show that Bjaf had much cattle to pass to his descendants. It also says, when combinded with Ansuz, that he was an effectual leader in proclaiming the gospel of God’s salvation, converting many souls.
Now, Bjaf had a son named Jat, which is called Geat. Jat’s runes are Jera (pronounced Yera), Ansuz, and Tiwaz. Yera translates as year or harvest. This indicates bountiful crops, both in the field and in souls. Jat appears to have taken on the missionary, and faith of his fathers, given the above information.
Ansuz refers to deity. It is unclear what role the meaning of Ansuz played in Jat’s name regarding his character so we will have to look at it in connection with the surrounding symbols, Jera and Tiwaz.
When used in conjuction with Jera, and using past history as a basis, Ansuz refers to Jehovah. Since Jera stands for harvest, Ansuz must mean God’s harvest. Thus it stands to reason that many souls are to be won to God this year (which is 2013). Just as in our time, so it was in Jera’s time: A time of a great number of souls submitting themselves to the Lord Jesus’ will, and believing on his name.
Now comes the unpleasant part. The third symbol Tiwaz stands for Tyr, the Norse god of war. This indicates that during the time of harvesting, war will break out, leading to intense persecution of Christians and Jews. Even scarier, when Tiwaz is used in conjunction with Ansuz, and Ansuz representing Jehovah, the LORD, it means that Jehovah himself will engage in warfare. Bad news for Israel’s enemies.
Even as we speak, war appears to be on the horizon for Israel, with Syria receiving advanced missiles from Russia (Magog), the civil war in Syria edging closer to Israel’s borders, pressure on Israel from both friends and enemies to give up land in exchange for peace (which they will never get), Russian warships numbering 12 in the Mediterranean Sea patrolling the waters near Syria (their ally) in case of an attack.
Gudolfr is the son of Bjat, also called Bjarr. The runes that belong to Gudolfr (who is also called Godwulf) are: Gebo, Uruz, Dagaz, Othila, Laguz, Fehu (the R is usually left of when Anglicized).
Gebo, the first symbol, which is similar to the Hebrew word Geba, denoted (in paganism) a sacrifice to the gods(36). Jesus Christ, before he gave his life on the cross at Golgotha in Jerusalem, broke bread and drank from a cup in remembrance of God’s deliverance of the Hebrews from Egypt. He then expounded on it saying that the bread was his body which was broken for us, and the wine which they drank was his blood, which was poured out for us. Jesus and his disciples, not being drunkards, but regarding the passover with solemnity, drank from a cup. It seems as though that not only did Christ’s body serve as bread, being a symbol of God’s word, but also served as a cup from which his blood (the wine) was poured. It is equally fascinating that this ‘cup of wine’ was poured out on a hilltop, this Geba(83), Christ Jesus’ death being a sacrifice to God the Father.
The next symbol is Uruz, which represents strength, speed, and good health(36). This indicates that Gudolfr was a man of clean living, not given to drunkenness or fornication. It appears that given the date of Gudolfr’s birth (around AD 20), that Gudolfr met the Lord Jesus Christ when he was a small child, and the Lord blessed him with the gift of steadfastness. It is possible, even likely, that Gudolfr’s father and mother, Bjat and a woman whose name is unknown at this time, met the Lord shortly after Gudolfr’s birth and they named him in honor of the Lord Jesus, and the things contained in the scriptures.
Symbol number three is Dagaz. Dagaz, as you already know, stands for day or daylight(36). This, again, may be in honor of the Lord Jesus, pointing men to him by Gudolfr’s very name.
The fourth symbol in Gudolfr’s name is Othila. Othila means inheritance or the passing on of property or knowledge. There is no doubt that Gudolfr was dedicated to service of God and that he was a faithful witness, and passed on all things whatsoever he was taught concerning the scriptures, and Christ, to his descendants. Despite the extremely poor reputation that Vikings had, (some perhaps deserved it), from Sceaf/Seskef to Gudolfr they were faithful men of God, searching the scriptures and following them diligently.
I find it very interesting that Othila is similar to the fish symbol commonly used by Christians today. Even though that symbol is a sign of the pagan god Ichthys, my God nonetheless used it to point the way to the correct symbol being used by first and second century Christians. If this line of thought plays out, it could be that Odin, who is called Allfather, was a believer in Jesus Christ
Fifth on the list of symbols is Laguz. Laguz is associated with water.(36) It is uncertain what this means when concerning Gudolfr, but it is likely that Gudolfr and his family suffered persecution under the Romans for their testimony of Jesus Christ. It is even possible that Gudolfr was in Jerusalem for the passover and witnessed the crucifixion of the Lord Jesus.
The last symbol in Gudolf’s name is Fehu. As stated before, Fehu is associated with cattle, gold, or wealth in general.(36) It appears that Gudolfr was a wealthy man, having much cattle. Fehu also appears to have been something of a prophet, having the gift of foresight(81). It would appear that Gudolfr, having seen the crucifixion of the Lord Jesus Christ, and the reaction of both the apostate Jews and the Romans toward Christianity (albeit they were known as Nazarene Jews at the first, Jesus being the “ringleader” of the “sect of the Nazarenes”), that Gudolfr laid up provisions for his fellow believers, providing them safe haven from persecution.
On now to Finn, the grandfather of Odin. Finn was the husband of Hildeburgh, daughter of Hoc and sister to king Hnaef, grandson of Hamundr, which is Hammedatha the Agagite. Finn was the brother of Fornjot, a man who was eventually mythicized into being a god.
The name Finn is the eponym, that is, source name, of Finland. Although not much information can be gained by his name Finn, if we consider that Finn was also known by the name Buri (84)(as related to us in the Prose Edda by Snorri Sturlsson/Sturluson), we can learn more.
For instance, in the Prose Edda we learn that Buri was born in a place called Ginnungagap (84) by the primordial cow Audumbla/Authumbla. While it is true that no person can be born of a cow, it does tell us that Finn/Buri was born after three days labor: “She licked the ice-blocks, which were salty; and the first day that she licked the blocks, there came forth from the blocks in the evening a man’s hair; the second day, a man’s head; the third day the whole man was there.”(84)
It also tells us that he was good looking (fair of feature) and that he was strong and victorious in battle (great and mighty). It also tells us where he was born, Ginnungagap, (which is located on the western side of Lake Van in what is now called Turkey (formerly called Thrace,) and that he had a son named Borr, which was the father of Odin, also called Voden.
Now concerning Finn’s mother, Audumbla, she appears to have had four children, Finn/Buri, Ymir/Aurgelmir, who is called Fornjot, and two unnamed daughters (This is figured in that there are four streams of milk flowing from her “udders,” a.k.a. breasts, and that two sons, Buri and Ymir, are mentioned while two children are not, which I take to be daughters.)
She also gave birth in the place called Ginnungagap. Different places have been suggested as to its real life location such as between Greenland and Vinland (North America (85),) and the Davis Strait, which lies at the southern tip of Greenland. The true location, as stated earlier, lies at the western edge of Lake Van in Turkey.
If you look at a map of Lake Van, you will see that Mt. Nemrut is on the western edge of Lake Van.(86) Mount Nemrut is named after Nimrod, the son of Cush as mentioned in Genesis 10 of the Bible.(87) This is the place identified as Muspelheim, a hot place, which is where Audumbla/Authumbla came from. Nemrut is the name of a volcano which went extinct about 2,000 years ago.
Niflheim, the place of cold (Ginnungagap was located between Muspelheim and Niflheim,) was just to the north, on the other side of a now dried up outlet, making it one of the world’s largest endorheic (having no outlet) lake. What happened is that there was significant volcanic activity from Mt. Nemrut which melted some of the ice that formed on the other side of the then working outlet, and it was during this time that Authumbla/Audumbla gave birth to Finn/Buri.
That Authumbla/Audumbla licked rime rocks while “creating” Buri is significant also. Lake Van is a saline soda lake (88), which means that it has a very high salt content. While in labor, Authumbla must have needed water and possibly some nourishment as she was having a difficult delivery. To relieve her of her thirst, she licked blocks of ice to quench it. The salt content would have given her clarity of mind as it would not be difficult to imagine three days labor to be difficult under any circumstances and would test a woman’s sanity.
What should be taken into account is this: That the events and people mentioned in Prose Edda, while accurate, (some places are mentioned there under different names elsewhere); that while the places and events mentioned are accurate to a great degree, it covers hundreds of years, even a thousand years or more, and must be sorted out with great care if a person wishes to arrive at an accurate chronological timelime as to when they occurred. The best way to do this is by considering each mention of a person as a different person unless you are absolutely sure of their identity.
One more interesting thing should be noted concerning Finn’s/Buri’s birth. In mentioning the timeline of the events of his birth, we get an accurate picture of just how difficult his birth was for Authumbla/Audumbla: On day one of his delivery, only his hair was visible. On day two, his head became visible. On day three, Finn/Buri was finally delivered all the way, much to the relief of his mother. It would not be too difficult to imagine her wanting to castrate her husband, Gudolfr, also known as Godwulf, so that he never got her pregnant again.
Finn’s/Buri’s son has followed in his father’s footsteps, albeit he did not do this himself. Both Finn and Buri had a son: Finn’s son is named Friellaf and Fridleif, while Buri’s son is named Bor. Fridleif/Friellaf and Bor are found out to be the same person. So, what can we find out about this man who is called by two different names?
As Bor (sometimes spelled Borr), we find that he was married to a woman named Bestla(89), sometimes called Beltsea, who was the daughter of a giant known as Bolthorn.(90) We also learn that Bor had three sons by Beltsea: Vili, Ve, and Odin with Odin being the most famous.(89)
Regarding the location of Midgard. As you may know, Midgard is considered a myth by many in the 21st century. However, Midgard, like Niflheim, Muspelheim, and Asgard, was a very real place known to the ancient world, although called now by a different name.
To get the location of Midgard we must first know what Midgard means. Midgard means “middle (of the) earth.”(91) You may recognize this as the main location in J.R.R. Tolkien’s fantasy series “The Hobbit” and “The Lord Of the Rings.”
Rather than being mere fantasy, the Middle Earth (Midgard) of Norse semi-mythology is none other than ancient Thrace. We get this by the introduction to Prose Edda, a collection of oral history stories put together by Snorri Sturlsson, the son of a 13th century Norse chieftain, and historian.
In sections two and three we read the phrases “center of the earth” and “earth’s center,” respectively.(33) Both of these phrases, when rendered into the Norse tongue would read Midgard, with mid meaning “middle” and gard meaning “yard” referring to a specific location, which, in this case, would be planet Earth. This conclusion is further supported by the naming of a large body of water called the Mediterranean Sea. While it is true that the Mediterranean sea is not on the equator of the earth, which is the geographic center, or middle, of the earth. one must remember that Midgard itself is located “near the earth’s center,”(33) not in the exact center.
Here is a quote from Section III of Prose Edda: “Near the earth’s centre was made that goodliest of homes and haunts that ever have been, which is called Troy, even that which we call Turkland.”(33) Notice how Troy is called Turkland. The ancient city of Troy was and is located within the boundaries of what we now call the nation of Turkey.(92) Given the abundance of evidence presented, it is clear that Midgard is located in ancient Thrace and Thrudheim(33), which we call Turkey.
The word Frisian is a variation of the word Phrygian. Thus, one can expect to find genetic links from members of the Frisian empire to those of the Phrygian empire.
After doing a bit more reading, it becomes apparent that the name Finn is another variation of the word Phrygian. This gives rise to the possibility that someone familiar with the genealogy of Odin didn’t want anyone tracing out his genealogy so that they might find out that he is a member of the tribe of Judah, of the house of Zarah. Moving on.
Odin is perhaps the most famous person in Norse mythology. Only there is a problem. Odin was a flesh and blood person, not a myth or a god.
According to Thor Heyerdahl, Odin was an actual person living in the 1st century AD. (93) At first, when tracing out the Ramsey family genealogy and I ran into Odin (a variation of adon, as in Adonai, a reference to the God of the Bible; alt. Othin, a form of Othniel), I didn’t believe that he was real. I thought, as most people would, that my genealogy was made up, being descended from a mythological god. However, at the LORD’s urging, I kept proceeding in tracing my genealogy back and found that Odin’s genealogy as given in Prose Edda goes back to a certain King Memnon of Ethiopia, who in turn carried his lineage back to a certain Zeus, chief of the Greek gods.
Zeus had a son with a woman, a nymph (in mythological aspect) named Electra; Zeus and Electra had a son named Dardanus. This Dardanus, I realized, was the same person as Dara, also called Darda, mentioned in the Bible as a son of Zarah(3), who was the son of Judah, the son of Israel. Now since Israel(95) was a flesh and blood person, and Judah, Zarah, and Dara/Dardanus were flesh and blood persons, this of necessity must mean that Odin himself was a flesh and blood person.
At this point, something needs to be said. It is very difficult sorting out the genealogy of mythology, as is understood the term mythology. Sometimes, you get a person being the ancestor or descendant of one person, yet if you check the parentage of any siblings, you find that the person you were originally investigating was not in the family. Sometimes, also, you get real life persons who have the mythological identities of multiple people.
Such is the case concerning Zeus. In this instance, the name Zeus is applied both to Zarah, the father of Dara/Dardanus and his father Judah, as noted in reference point 93. It can be difficult to such an extent that one has to take each mention of deity and child (although mostly with the deities) as a separate person and event.
Of course there are convergence points. For instance, in almost all ‘mythologies,’ the creation of the universe and the human race begins after a flood. Although details vary, they almost always center around the world being destroyed for wickedness, a man and a woman are warned of said flood, and warned by a deity regarding how to escape being killed by the flood, just as the King James Version Bible relates it.(96)
Back to Odin. His mother’s name was Beltsea, alt. Bestla. This is a location name meaning Baltic sea. So Odin’s mother was from the Baltic sea area, possibly near modern Germany. This seems to indicate that Frigg was a Phrygian.
Beltsea’s father’s name as recording in Norse mythology was Bolthorn.(97) Originally, I thought Bolthorn to be a Germanic chieftain. However, after searching out the etymology, that is, the meaning and history, of Bolthorn, I have arrived at a drastically different conclusion.
According to an article on Wikipedia, the name Bolthorn means “evil thorn.” Not satisfied with this, I decided to break the name up into syllables, as this has helped me arrive at the meaning of names before.
It turns out that the word Bolthorn doesn’t mean ‘evil thorn.’ The word bol, also spelled boel in Dutch, means “lover; brother.”(98) This would give the meaning of Bolthorn as “lover or brother of the thorn.”
Now, a lover as we use it today means a person who engages in sexual intercourse with another person(98) on a regular basis. In the case of Bolthorn, who lived over 1,900 years ago, it was not so. The word as it was used then meant “a person who demonstrates a great fondness for someone and acts upon it.” This was used in a non-sexual context.
So what does Bolthorn mean? Bolthorn in actuality means “lover of one pierced with thorns.” This immediately brings to mind Jesus Christ, whose skin of his head was pierced with a crown of thorns as he hung upon the cross. This directly identifies Bolthorn as someone intimately connected to the Lord Jesus.
But who? Is there anyone in scripture that is identified as being extremely fond of Jesus, or that Jesus was extremely fond of them? For certain, we would have to look at Jesus’ disciples.
It is well known that Jesus had 12 disciples. Although the names change on a couple of them, it is generally agreed upon that the names of the disciples (from which we get the word discipline) as listed in the book of Matthew are the same ones listed in the books of Mark and Luke.(99)(100)(101) It is also known that Jesus had three disciples of the 12 as an inner circle. Their names are listed as Peter, James, and John.(102)
So we’ve narrowed it down to three. But which one? Is there any information to suggest that one was favored above the others? Yes. The answer is found in the book, also called the gospel, of John, chapter 21. In it, John is called “that disciple whom Jesus loved.”(103) It is this same John who scribed the book of Revelation while on the isle of Patmos.(104) Thus, it is concluded that the Bolthorn of Norse mythology is the same person as John the Apostle of reality, the same disciple that was at the Lord’s crucifixion, who cared for the Lord’s mother after that he was crucified.
(It should be noted that while there are some mythological aspects to this genealogy, it seems utterly impossible to me that supposedly mythological characters should have documented living descendants some of them famous in their own right.)
All scriptures listed are taken from the King James Version 1611 edition of the Holy Bible
(1) Genesis 5
(2) Genesis 11
(3) Genesis 38
(4) 1 Chronicles 2
(5) Joshua 7
(44) http://av1611.com/kjbp/kjv-bible-text/Ge-6.html (verse 3 in particular)
Please visit the following link for further information into Odin’s father, Bor, and grandfather, Buri: http://www.abarim-publications.com/Meaning/Kadesh-barnea.html#.VOJXR9ddXUs
(a) Ramsey II Family Tree (www.ancestry.com)
(h) http://av1611.com/kjbp/kjv-bible-text/Ge-3.html – see verse 15
(This section is referred to in Zecharia regarding the teams of different colored horses and their demonic riders: Bohl has highlighted that the word Mashu in Sumerian means “twins”. Jensen and Zimmern thought it to be the geographical location between Mount Lebanon and Mount Hermon in the Anti-Lebanon range. Edward Lipinski and Peter Kyle McCarter have suggested that the garden of the gods relates to a mountain sanctuary in the Lebanon and Anti-Lebanon ranges. Other scholars have found a connection between the Cedars of Lebanon (pictured) in the forest of the Cedars of God and the garden of the gods. The location of garden of the gods is close to the forest, which is described in the line: from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Garden_of_the_gods_(Sumerian_paradise))